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Distinguished Service Cross (D.S.C.)
Founded by Edward VII in l 1901, this medal was originally designed for Naval personnel and named the Conspicuous Service Cross. In October 1914 the name was altered to the Distinguished Service Cross and became available for all Naval and Marine officers below the relative rank of Lieutenant Commander. This was subsequently extended to include Commanders and Lieutenant Commanders.
During the Second World War, Royal Air Force officers serving with the Fleet and Army officers aboard merchant ships manning the anti-aircraft and anti-submarine guns became eligible for this medal.